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Toilet Types and Their Features

When it comes to choosing a toilet for your bathroom, the options can be overwhelming. In this guide, we break down different toilet types and decode the jargon to help you make an informed decision for your new toilet.

BTW or Back-To-Wall:

Concealing the cistern behind the pan within a piece of furniture or false wall, this type offers a sleek look and creates a useful shelf behind the pan.

Fully Back-To-Wall:

Fitting flush against the wall, this style provides a modern and elegant appearance while hiding waste pipes and water inlets from view.

Open Back:

Allowing for side entry waste pipe, this open back pan configuration is suitable for installations where concealed walls are not present.

CC or Close-Coupled:

The cistern is directly fitted to the pan, forming a complete unit without visible connection pipes. Available in various styles, these toilets do not require external or hidden plumbing.

Wall Hung:

Suspended above the floor on a sturdy metal frame, the water supply is from a concealed cistern, making it easy to clean and providing a modern aesthetic.

Corner Toilet:

Designed to fit snugly into bathroom corners, maximizing space utilization, especially in smaller areas.

Dual Flush:

Efficiently reduces water usage with a dual flush button, allowing you to choose between a full or half flush.

Water-Saving Toilet:

Eco-friendly option with a dual flush cistern, offering a choice between a full or reduced flush to save water.


Pan without a rim for easy cleaning and reduced germ build-up.

Reduced Projection:

Shorter depth compared to standard toilets, ideal for small bathrooms or cloakroom suites, optimizing floor space.

Comfort Height:

Features lower pans, usually about 17” to 19”, providing added comfort for tall individuals, the elderly, and those with mobility issues.

Soft-Closing Seat:

Equipped with slow-closing hinges to prevent loud bangs and slams, ensuring a gradual and quiet close.

Low Level Toilets:

Perfect for a traditional bathroom style, where the cistern is fitted low on the wall and connected to the pan by a flush pipe, operated by a traditional lever flush.

High-Level Toilets:

Another traditional choice, with the cistern fitted at a high level, connected to the pan by a long flush pipe, and operated by a long pull chain. Requires a solid wall for secure fixing.
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